Eve as creation

Evidently Paul views Eve as a type of creation:

Genesis 4:1, “And she conceived and bore Cain, saying, ‘I have begotten a man with Yahweh!'”
Romans 8:19, “For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God.”

Genesis 4:2, “And again, she bore his brother Abel” [= hevel = futility]
Romans 8:20, “For the creation was subjected to futility…”

Genesis 3:16, “To the woman he said, ‘I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children…”
Romans 8:22, “For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now.”

Genesis itself invites such a comparison. The Eden narrative begins with the title, “These are the generations [toledoth] of the heavens and the earth,” which indicates that together they are the progenitors of what follows (everywhere else in the Hebrew Bible, where it refers to the toledoth of X, X is the parent or ancestor of those who follow in either the genealogy or narrative). What follows is man (adam), created from the ground (adamah) through the activity of Yahweh, and the rest of humanity coming from him. Whatever role might be ascribed to “the heavens” in the production of adam (my first inclination to simply read it as a substitute for God is thwarted by the words in 2:4, “when they [the heavens and the earth] were created”), the earth, as the womb from whence adam was born, can be regarded as the first “Eve,” that is, “the mother of all living.” Based on this comparison, Paul may have thought it only natural (pun intended) to apply the words to and from Eve as revealing something about creation as a whole.

Published in: on December 19, 2014 at 4:34 pm  Leave a Comment